Hip replacement surgery has increased in India in recent years, especially among older and some of the younger patients (in case of a fall) and it is increasing. Non-surgical treatments and physiotherapy are available for patients, which have been proven to be very useful, but there are cases where the hip is too damaged and needs to be replaced.
With new advances in the field, patients can expect shorter recovery times, less pain, and fewer complications after surgery. However, the fact that hip replacement becomes safer and more frequent does not mean that this is a small procedure.
If you or someone you love is planning a hip replacement operation, it is essential to learn the process from pre-surgery tests, the day of surgery, to the recovery phase, and so on. Here in this blog with some of the most frequently asked questions and answers provided by Dr. Gopal Reddy. Don’t hesitate to ask a doctor or a replacement team member about the surgery
What is Hip Replacement Surgery?
This is also known as hip arthroplasty. Surgery on your hip joint will replace the part of your pelvis and hips (thighbone) that make up your hip joint. Most of the hip replacement procedures are performed to relieve knee pain and stiffness caused by hip arthritis. This procedure is sometimes used to treat injuries such as broken or irregular hip joints and other disorders.
When Should A Patient Undergo Hip Replacement Surgery?
An orthopedician will decide whether you are eligible for surgery are not. The doctor will decide based on medical history and medical examination by using x-ray and MRI report. Then an orthopedician will ask you to decide whether discomfort, stiffness and damage justify having surgery. It would not damage to wait for conservative and non-surgical methods to control your discomfort. If you won’t feel comfort and pain does not go away, then the surgical technique is the option suggested by a doctor.
What Materials Are Used For Joint Replacement?
No one material used is suitable in the world of prosthetics! Hip replacement surgery consists of two main components: the ball and the socket. Hip joint prostheses are often made of titanium, while the ball is made up of chrome, cobalt, ceramics, or oxonium. Besides used material differences, there are two ways to attach the prostheses to the bone: there are cemented or uncemented. Of course, every technology has advantages and disadvantages.
Patients don’t have to choose these new parts- a doctor must be able to offer you the best prosthesis for your body requirement.
What to expect on the day Of Surgery?
Plan to go to the hospital a few hours before surgery. Before the procedure, the patient will receive general anaesthesia or a spinal blockage that numbs the lower part of the body. To perform the process, which usually takes about an hour. The surgeon will cut the anterior or lateral aspects of the hip joint. He will leave the healthy bones, and remove damaged or diseased bone and cartilage from a joint. A surgeon will then replace the damaged area with a prosthetic part, usually made of metal, ceramics and plastic.
After surgery, it takes about two hours for you to wear off anaesthesia used. Then the patient is taken to a hospital room where medical personnel monitor your blood pressure, heart rate, pulse and analgesic needs. Your doctor may ask you to walk with the help of walker under his supervision.
Most of the patients are discharged home on the day of surgery. If the patient has any other disorder and by seeing the recovery, the doctor may suggest staying in the hospital for a day or two.
After Surgery Does A patient Notice Any Difference in Their hip?
In many cases, hip replacement patients find that the new joint is entirely natural. However, it is recommended to avoid extreme movements or intense physical activity. The legs of the new hip joint may be longer than before, either because of the previous shortening due to hip joint disruption or because hip extension is needed to avoid dislocation. Most patients get used to this feeling on time or can use a small lift like substance in another shoe. Some patients experience hip pain if they carry weight for several months after surgery.
When Can Patient Start Drive After Surgery?
If surgery is on the right hip joint, you may not drive for at least four weeks. After four weeks you can drive again as soon as you feel comfortable. Don’t drive if you use narcotics.
When To Take Shower After Surgery?
You can take a shower four days after surgery. Above the incisions you have a steri strip. 2 weeks after surgery, they gradually begin to bend at the edge. In this case, you can carefully pull the wound band. Underneath the bandage, you can see a healed incision. Also, you can find a thread at the top and bottom, which is used to stitch the incision line. Do not pull or shorten these stitches. These are absorbable seams that release themselves by the fourth week. Make sure to dry the wound well after bathing.
What Be Will the Recovery After the Surgery?
Recovery is a slow and gradual process. To speed up your recovery, walking and physical therapy exercises will help. The average short recovery time for hip replacements is four to six weeks. During this time, you should be able to walk two blocks with little pain. Long-term recovery can take up to six months because the soft tissue and surgical wound heal completely. Ask a doctor your estimated recovery time and the recommendations of a physical therapist and other support teams that you can rely on during the recovery process.
When Should Patient Go to Doctor In Emergency?
Some issues are abnormal and require a call to the doctor. These include:
- Increased drainage or swelling
- Inability to bear weight on the operated leg
- If pain not controlled by pain medication
- Fever above 101.5 ̊
- Insomnia due to pain
- Swelling of the legs or calves
- Reduced sensation in the legs
When Should A Patient Return to work?
Returning to work depends significantly on the type of work you do and your recovery. If you have an office or desk work, you will probably be back in four to six weeks. For physical tasks that require lifting, walking or traveling, it can take up to three months for the device to fully recover. Your surgeon will tell you when you can return to work by seeing your recovery and if there are restrictions.
What Activities Should A Patient Avoid After Surgery?
You must maintain your new joint movement. However, you must gradually return to normal activities. You will be instructed by your doctor and team to avoid certain words that might make your new replacement painful. Avoid strenuous activities and consult a surgeon before starting a new exercise or trying a physically demanding sport.
Successful hip replacements can improve your life; they can eliminate pain, increase mobility, and reduce the fear of a dangerous falls as you get older. Modern medicine and technology make it easier for patients to recover early. More people are choosing to fight diseases such as osteoporosis and hip arthritis at a younger age.
Prepare for an appointment as an interview. Make a list of questions you want to answer and find areas that need to be clarified. Don’t be afraid to ask for further explanation. A doctor will help you make the right choices for your body. If you decide to replace your hip joint, these questions will help you prepare for a quick and smooth recovery.
For further clarification about Hip Replacement surgery, and planning to have a hip replacement surgery contact Dr Gopal Reddy.
About Dr Gopal Reddy:
Best Hip Replacement Surgeon in Hyderabad Dr Gopal Reddy, a skilled and fellowship, trained hip replacement surgeon in Hyderabad possessing valuable experience and expertise in the field of orthopaedics. With the help of continuous education, he attained the best skills that are a must for an orthopaedic doctor to become the best hip replacement surgeon. He can deliver successful outcomes with zero complications.
With 20 years of experience in the field of orthopaedics, Dr Gopal Reddy always strive to provide the world-class orthopaedic treatment to patients suffering from joint pain. He is a renowned total knee and hip joint replacement surgeon offering excellent and quality orthopaedic care for all the patients whoever approaches him.