Are you having with redness, swelling around the knee area?
Are you suffering from persistent pain in your knees?
Are you a young adult?
Then This article is for you!

An 18-year-old young girl suffered from chronic progressive knee pain and swelling in her both knees. Dr. Gopal Reddy examined her symptoms and pain condition and confirmed the causes of knee pain. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan and other diagnostic methods used to determine the knee pain treatment for her quick recovery in 1week.

“Knee problems are common in young people and associated with their physical activity and diet habits” – Dr. Gopal Reddy

Here are some common knee problems encountered by young people and explains about the causes, symptoms, and Treatment for knee pain by Dr. Gopal Reddy, a Best orthopaedic surgeon in Hyderabad.

All About Knee Pain in Young Adults

In adolescent or young adult who is physically active and participate in sports may experience pain a few times in the front and middle of the knee, usually below the kneecap (patella). This condition, called anterior knee pain in young adults, often occurs in many healthy young athletes.

Teenage knee pain is usually not caused by physical knee anomalies but by excessive use or training that does not include stretching exercises. In most cases, simple self-care measures such as rest, medicines, and strengthening exercises to relieve pain in the knee and allow young athletes to return to their favorite sports. This article addresses pain the knee. Continue your reading!

Knee pain is a common complaint seen in all ages. Knee pain caused by injuries such as ligament tears or torn cartilage, and in some medical conditions such as arthritis, gout, and infection can also cause knee pain.

self-care measures also respond well to most of the minor knee pain. Doing Physical therapy and wearing knee braces also help relieve knee pain. In rare cases, however, your knee may require surgical repair.

This article addresses what Dr. Gopal Reddy wants to provide details about the knee, types of knee pain in young adults, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and Treatment. Still, if you have any doubts regarding the knee pain, don’t hesitate to contact our Dr. Gopal Reddy, a consultant orthopaedic surgeon at Sunshine Hospital. Let us go in detail.

Knee: A Junction of Your Leg

The largest and strongest joint in your body is the knee. Consists of the lower extremity femur (thigh), the upper end of the tibia (shinbone) and the patella (kneecap). The ends of the bones are covered with articular cartilage, a smooth gliding substance that protects the bone when you bend and stretch your knees.

Common Knee Pain conditions seen in young adults include:

There are two types of injuries seen in young adults

Intracapsular (within the joint)

  • Anterior cruciate ligament injury
  • Meniscus injury

Extra-capsular (surrounding the joint)

  • Patellofemoral pain
  • Patella bursitis
  • Osgood-Schlatter

Anterior cruciate ligament injury

The Anterior cruciate ligament injury ACL ligament is one of the most frequent types of injury in the knee. This type of injury usually occurs in young, athletic populations, which includes sudden stops or changes in direction, jumping, and Landings, such as soccer, basketball, and skiing.

An ACL injury is a rupture or sprain of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ligament. ACLs are injured when exposed to forces that exceed the strength of the tendon. This type of injury caused without contact such as landing awkwardly, cutting or changing direction, or contact with such as getting tackled during a football game.

Factors Causing ACL:

Ligaments are strong bands of tissue that bind one bone to another. An ACL, one of two bands that cross the middle of the knee, connects the femur to the tibia and assist in stabilizing the knee joint.

It is also a common problem when athletes are not well trained and lack strength or flexibility. The risk of injury with ACL is highest in sports, exercise that requires rotation, jumping, cutting, or changing the direction that can make the knee tense:

  • Sudden delay and change of direction (cutting)
  • Uncoordinated Landing from a jump
  • Having a direct blow on the knee and collisions
  • Rotating with feet strongly
  • Stop suddenly

Signs and Symptoms:

Signs and symptoms of an ACL injury are:

  • A feeling of instability or “giving way” with weight-bearing
  • Severe pain and inability to continue the activity
  • A large amount of swelling in the knee found
  • A loud “popping” sensation in the knee
  • A feeling of distortion
  • Hear or feel “striking” during a knee injury
  • Rapid swelling
  • Loss of range of motion
  • Inability to fully straighten or knees

ACL injury Treatment:

Depending on the severity of the damage to the ACL, Treatment may include rest and exercises, and pain medications to help replace strength and stability, or surgery for ligament repair, followed by rehabilitation. Appropriate training programs are provided by doctors that can help reduce the risk of ACL injuries.

If you are having any concerns about the treatment, please consult our Dr. Gopal Reddy sunshine hospital. He provides the Treatment accordingly by seeing the injury.

Meniscus injury

The meniscus is a piece of cartilage that forms a cushion-like structure between the femur and tibia (cervix). There are two menisci in each knee joint. They may become damaged or torn in activities that put pressure or sudden twist the knee joint or putting your weight on it. If you had a hard tackle in the football field or an unexpected turn in the basketball court, the meniscus might break.

You don’t have to be an athlete to get the meniscus tears. Getting out of the squatting position too fast can also cause a break at the meniscus.

Meniscus Injury Causes

A torn meniscus caused by any activity such as:

  • Forcefull twist or rotate your knee
  • aggressive pivoting or sudden stops and turns.
  • Even kneeling, deep squatting or lifting something heavy lead to a torn meniscus
  • Some degenerative changes of the knee

Signs and Symptoms of a meniscus tear in young adults:

When a meniscus tear happens, you may hear a popping sound around your knee joint. Later on, you may experience:

  • Pain, especially if the area is touched
  • swelling
  • Difficulty moving the knee or the inability to move in the full range of motion
  • The feeling of locking or catching in the knee
  • Knee cannot support you

Treatment for Knee pain in young adults:

Conservative treatments at home such as rest, ice, and medicine are sometimes enough to relieve the pain due to a torn meniscus and give time to injury to heal itself. In other cases, however, meniscal tears require surgical recovery.

Depending on the severity of your injury, treatment options can vary, and the doctor can provide that option by seeing the damage.

Visit Dr. Gopal Reddy sunshine hospital. He also provides the care taken to prevent this injury by doing exercises and using proper techniques during contact activities or sports.

Patellofemoral pain

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome also caused by abnormal tracking of the knee in the thoracic groove. In this condition, the foot is pressed to one side of the groove when the knee is bent. This anomaly can cause an increase in pressure between the patella and crumb ridge, which irritates the soft tissue.

Patellofemoral pain syndrome also caused by condition; the foot is pressed to one side of the groove when the knee is bent known as trochlear groove.

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome Causes

In many cases, patellofemoral pain syndrome is caused by doing weighty or forceful physical activities that stress on the knee:

  • jogging, squatting, and climbing stairs
  • Sudden change in physical activity Example: Increasing the number of days you exercise each week.
  • Use of improper sports training techniques or equipment
  • Changes in footwear or playing surface
  • Muscle imbalances or weaknesses.
  • Knee injury

Patellofemoral Pain Signs and symptoms:

The most common symptom of patellofemoral pain syndrome is a dull pain in the front of the knee. This pain, which is usually gradual and often associated with an activity, can be present on one or both knees. Other common symptoms are:

  • Pain during exercise and during activities where the knee is repeatedly bent, e.g., climb stairs, run, jump, or squat.
  • Pain after sitting for a long time with your knees bent, like in a cinema or while driving
  • Pain is related to changes in activity or intensity
  • Popping or crackling sounds on your knees when you climb stairs

Treatment for Patellofemoral pain:

In most cases, patellofemoral pain treated by non-surgical methods. Dr. Gopal Reddy provides medical Treatment of patellofemoral pain syndrome for intended to relieve pain and restore range of motion and strength. He suggests the Surgical Treatment for patellofemoral pain very rarely if needed, only done in severe cases if the patient does not respond to non-surgical treatments.

Patella Bursitis

Bursae is a small, like jelly found throughout the body, including shoulders, elbows, thighs, knees, and heels. They contain small amounts of fluid and located between bone and soft tissue. They act as a cushion to reduce friction.

Prepatellar bursitis is an inflammation of the bursa in the front of the knee (patella). It occurs when the bursa becomes irritated and produces too much fluid that causes swelling and pressure on the adjacent parts of the knee.

Causes:

Knee bursitis can be caused by:

  • Frequent and sustained pressure
  • Complications of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis or knee disease
  • Bursal Bacterial infection
  • A direct blow to the knee
  • Overuse or strenuous activity

Signs and symptoms:

The signs and symptoms of bursitis vary depending on the bursa that is affected and what causes inflammation.

  • Feel pain when moving or even at rest
  • when you put pressure on the affected portion of your knee might feel warm, tender and swollen on it
  • Bursitis caused by an infection can cause fluid, redness, fever, and chills
  • On the front of the knee cap, you can observe rapid swelling
  • Pain during activity, but usually not at night
  • Softness and warmth of touch
  • Tenderness and warmth to the touch

Treatment:

Non-surgical treatments are generally effective, while bursae are inflamed and not infected:

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
  • Ice
  • Elevation
  • Activity modification.

If swelling and pain do not respond to the above treatments, your doctor can drain the bursa with a needle and then inject corticosteroids into the bursa. Infection with bursitis is treated with antibiotics. Surgical drainage is needed if the disease does not respond with antibiotics alone.

Draining the bursa can cure chronic swelling that causes damage. However, if the swelling continues, visit Sunshine Hospital, where our Dr. Gopal Reddy can recommend surgical removal of the bursa by seeing the injury. After surgery, the knee regains mobility for a few days, and regular activities continued within a few weeks.

Osgood-Schlatter Disease

Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is an inflammation of the patellar ligament at the tibial node. It is characterized by painful puncture just below the knee, which is worse with activity and rest. The onset of pain usually lasts several weeks to several months.

Causes

Osgood-Schlatter disease most commonly occurs:

  • During growth spurts, when bones, muscles, tendons, and other structures are changing rapidly due to physical activity puts additional stress on bones and muscles
  • Children who practice athletics, especially running and jumping, are at higher risk for this condition.
  • Less active adolescents may also experience this problem.

Signs and symptoms:

Painful symptoms are often caused by running, jumping, and other sports activities. In some cases, both knees have symptoms:

  • Knee pain and tenderness in the upper tibia
  • Upper tibial swelling
  • Muscles get Tighten in the front or back of the thigh

Treatment:

In most cases of Osgood-Schlatter disease, we can relieve pain and allow a return to daily activities by following some measures like rest, over-the-counter medication, and stretching and strengthening exercises. If it does not work, then the doctor will suggest the surgery depends upon the injury.

Apart from the above type of knee pain, many other knee pains caused by young adults:

  • Joint hypermobility
  • MCL (Medial Collateral Ligament) Tears
  • patellar tendonitis
  • Quadriceps tendonitis

Diagnosis:

The diagnostic method is same for all the above -mentioned knee injuries pain. The diagnosis method differs and provided by the doctor based upon the type of knee injury:

  • X-Ray
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan.
  • Ultrasound
  • arthrocentesis

Conclusion:

The conclusion is that at present, knee pain is more prevalent in the younger age group and more in women than men. If you suspect that you have excessive use, consult your doctor, and don’t forget to rest while your knee is no longer hurting.

This information is only for educational purposes and is not a substitute for advice from your doctor or health professional. We recommend that you discuss all the questions or problems that you might have by visiting our Sunshine Hospital and meet Dr. Gopal Reddy.

About Dr Gopal Reddy:

Best Hip Replacement Surgeon in Hyderabad Dr Gopal Reddy, a skilled and fellowship, trained hip replacement surgeon in Hyderabad possessing valuable experience and expertise in the field of orthopaedics. With the help of continuous education, he attained the best skills that are a must for an orthopaedic doctor to become the best hip replacement surgeon. He can deliver successful outcomes with zero complications.

With 20 years of experience in the field of orthopaedics, Dr Gopal Reddy always strive to provide the world-class orthopaedic treatment to patients suffering from joint pain. He is a renowned total knee and hip joint replacement surgeon offering excellent and quality orthopaedic care for all the patients whoever approaches him.