Are you experiencing bone fractures frequently, although no heavyweight bearing or force was applied?

Are you afraid to perform any activity with the fear of breaking/fracturing bones in your legs or hands?

Are you a woman who is nearing menopause and wants to know how this phase could adversely affect your bone health and are seeking guidance to tackle it?

If these are the questions you have in your mind, then please go through this blog provided by Dr. Gopal Reddy which gives a complete guide for what is osteoporosis, causes, symptoms, treatment options available.

Osteoporosis can affect men and women, but it is most rampant in postmenopausal women because of the sudden decline of estrogen, a hormone that usually prevents osteoporosis as bones become weaker, than there is a higher risk of fractures due to small trauma or falls.

What is Osteoporosis:

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Osteoporosis means “porous/brittle bones.” The bones become weaker, and there is an increased risk of fractures, especially in the hips, spine, and wrists as these are frequently used in our day-to-day activities.

Bone is a tissue which, when broken, is replaced by the bone that grows in place of it. In this manner, the body supports the density and integrity of the crystal bone and its structure.

Bone density is highest when an individual is in his late 20s. After about 35 years, the bones start wearing off. As age grows, bones become weak at a pace which far outweighs the time taken to replace them. This phenomenon is what gives rise to osteoporosis.

Osteoporosis attacks men and women of all races. However, white and Asian women, especially older women who have experienced menopause, are in the high-risk category. To prevent bone loss and to strengthen weakened bones, mineral supplements in the form of calcium and Vitamin D tablets, calcium-rich food, and regular exercise should be incorporated into one’s daily routine.

Risk Factors of Osteoporosis:

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Risk factors associated with osteoporosis are:

  • Reduced bone mineral density
  • The gain in body weight
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Low calcium intake
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Hormone deficiency such as Estrogen
  • Endocrine disorders (Hypogonadism, hyperparathyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome)
  • Malignant diseases (Myeloma, lymphoma)
  • Drug abuse (Corticosteroids, heparin)
  • Medical disorders (Connective tissue diseases, chronic renal failure)
  • Genetic factors

The likeliness for an individual to not suffer from osteoporosis depends on the extent of bone supplements intake such as calcium, magnesium, potassium, Vitamins C and K, etc. when you are a teenager. The extent of bone mass is slightly inherited and varies depending on the ethnic group. The higher your maximum bone mass, the more bones you have and the less likely you are to get osteoporosis.

Symptoms of Osteoporosis:

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At the beginning of the disease, osteoporosis does not yield any symptoms. As the disease advances, you may experience loss of bone height or dull pain in the bones or muscles, especially back or neck pain

The loss of bone develops gradually. Often, there are no external symptoms or signs. People don’t know that they have osteoporosis until they experience a fracture with activities exerting minimal force/pressure such as trip and fall event, coughing, or sneezing.

  • Once the disease sets in, you may have the following signs:
  • Fractured or collapsed vertebra causing back pain
  • Over time, loss of bone height becomes evident
  • Stooped posture
  • Bones tend to break more easily


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The doctor will examine the patient’s family history and risk factors. If osteoporosis is suspected, the doctor may request a bone scan to measure bone mineral density (BMD). Bone density scanning uses a type of X-ray technology known as dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and bone densitometry.

In combination with a patient’s risk factors, DEXA can indicate the possibility of fractures due to osteoporosis. DEXA is done via:

  • A central device: When scanning in a hospital, the mineral density of the hip bone and spine is measured when the patient is lying on the table.
  • A peripheral device: A moving machine that tests bones in the wrist, heel, or finger.
  • A lateral vertebral assessment (LVA)
  • An ultrasound scan

Treatment For Osteoporosis:

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These days, osteoporosis can be treated in the hospital setting, with a combination of lifestyle changes and appropriate medical care.

Osteoporosis Medications:

The most aggressive way to prevent further bone loss is to use prescription drugs such as:

  • Bisphosphonates
  • Denosumab antibody injection

Hormone-Related Medications:

For the treatment of osteoporosis, drugs regulating hormones essential for bone health may be prescribed

Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERMs)

Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) produce bone estrogen retention.


Calcitonin is a hormone that forms the thyroid gland. This helps regulate calcium levels in the body.

Parathyroid Hormones (PTHs)

Parathyroid hormone (PTH) controls the levels of calcium and phosphate in your body. Treatment of synthetic PTH can stimulate new bone growth.

Hormone Therapy

For women with menopause, hormone therapy, also called hormone replacement therapy, is a treatment option. Hormone therapy may include estrogen alone or estrogen combined with progesterone.

Calcium and vitamin D: Regular intake of calcium and vitamin D can increase bone density.

Physical Activity

Bone gets strengthening by doing regular exercises. Being fit and active helps reduce age-related bone loss, and in some cases may elevate density of the bones.

Surgical Options for Osteoporosis:

When all the nonsurgical treatments fail to provide enough relief from osteoporosis, then your doctor may suggest surgical options. However, fractures that are caused by osteoporosis may warrant surgery. The surgical treatment options include:

  • Knee joint replacement (In case of knee osteoporosis)
  • Hip Joint replacement (In case of Hip osteoporosis)

The surgical technique to be used depends upon a patient’s condition and may vary from patient to patient. For more options regarding surgery for osteoporosis, contact Dr. Gopal Reddy at +91 99492 55522.

How to Prevent Osteoporosis:

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If you are in the risk group of contracting osteoporosis, you must take precautions to maintain bone health. This may include:

  • Regular exercise
  • Eating healthy food which provides rich in calcium and vitamin D such as dairy products, dark green vegetables, enriched grains and bread, and soy products.
  • Lifestyle changes such as smoking and reducing your alcohol consumption

As discussed in detail, osteoporosis is a condition that makes the bones porous, making them easy to break. Although there is currently no cure available for osteoporosis, there are treatment options available as outlined above. Treatment, hormone therapy, and exercise can strengthen bones and slow bone loss.

As we all know the famous saying goes, prevention is better than cure; one must indulge in activities such as intake of vitamins and minerals for bone health as part of their diet or as supplements, exercising regularly, abstaining from smoking and drinking alcohol, etc. Osteoporosis is an age-induced phenomenon, which is inevitable; the only thing we could do is to delay its occurrence by altering our lifestyle.

Still, have any questions that need to be answered about osteoporosis, please schedule your appointment with  +91 99492 55522 to discuss possible treatments and lifestyle changes. Together, you and our doctor can choose the best and most appropriate treatment plan and probably surgery, if needed.


About Gopal Reddy: Best Hip Replacement Surgeon in Hyderabad

Dr Gopal Reddy, a skilled and fellowship, trained hip replacement surgeon in Hyderabad possessing valuable experience and expertise in the field of orthopaedics. With the help of continuous education, he attained the best skills that are a must for an orthopaedic doctor to become the best hip replacement surgeon. He can deliver successful outcomes with zero complications.

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With 20 years of experience in the field of orthopaedics, Dr Gopal Reddy always strive to provide the world-class orthopaedic treatment to the patients suffering from the joint pain. He is a renowned total knee and hip joint replacement surgeon offering excellent and quality orthopaedic care for all the patients whoever approaches him.